Archive for the ‘So-Called Rohingyas’ Category


Rakhapura

Stop Rohingya petition page (http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/stop-rohingya-invasion-into-burma/) has gone now. When people tried to sign the petition, they are redirected back to the main page of the petition website.

Even though the petition is still accessible through the search tool of thepetitionsite.com, it is inactive now. This petition has been running on the same URL since last year but it has received about 200 signatures during a year’s long period. However, the petition suddenly became popular among Myanmar people when BBC published an inaccurate map of Burma in which one of Myanmar’s major ethnic, Rakhine was replaced with so-called Rohingya or Bangladeshi Muslim people.

The people belonging to the country’s 135 genuine ethnic groups who are living inside and outside of Myanmar signed the petition during last week and the total signatures collected as of last Saturday night was almost reaching twenty thousand before it is miraculously disappeared. Activists suspect that BBC has done something to stop the petition by cooperating with the petition hosting company, Care2.com. BBC is still keeping silence without responding to the peoples’ demand for apology for BBC’s wrong, misleading information about Myanmar ethnic people.

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Rakhapura

The problem started when some so-called Rohingya groups started attacking and insulting Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s party vice chairman NLD U Tin Oo which provoked all the Burmese people to wake up from the day dreaming. Some issues are very complicated, subtle and delicate. In the past, Burmese people kept aside the differences with SO-Called Rohingya people bearing in mind to do dialogue with them later when we achieve national reconciliation in Burma.

The problem becoming more serious when BBC posted the Burma’s map labelling the Arakan originated areas as the so-called Rohingya place of living which is funning the flame of the national spirit of the Burmese activists around the world inside and in exile alike to oppose those responsible for creating more problems on Burma crisis.

The very beginning of the problems are the questions of the lack of credible evidences and the lack of credible historic records of the so-called SO-CALLED people living in Bangladesh who are claiming to be from Burma and their very strong links with Al-queda islamic terrorists.

I share the same pain and compassion on the suffering of the human beings. It is totally different from the fact that we got to accept all the people claiming to be Burmese with fairy tales proofs.

I do accept the fact in principal that any ethnic origin people who have been living in Burma for long time have the rights to apply to be the Burmese citizens enjoying the same rights as the original Burmese ethnics people.

But it is totally different fact that any people resettling in Burma can’t be one of the man-made fabricated ethnic group since they are not.

They will be known as based on their original ethnic background. For example, there are Burmese people living in UK for long time and they can be the British citizens if, even if, they can provide necessary evidence. They will be called as simply as the British or the Burmese British. They can’t be white British or they can’t be English British.

We must find the root-cause. If they are from Bangladesh then Bangladeshi government must take more responsibility solving this crisis. This is one of the main problems we got to dealt with seriously, frankly and candidly.

Noting to do with religion. But I would like to touch on my perceptions on all the religions as follow.

My point of view is that so long as “Any religion proclaiming that there is NO other God but me (my religious god)” then there will always be problems, extremism and terrorists.

Any religions justify killing anyone who don’t believe in their religion will create more conflicts and crises.

If there WERE be the third world war then it could be due to the religious extremisms.

Some religions bless extremists with rewards!

We must eliminate any religious perceptions which justify attacking, killing, persecuting, or/and labelling other religions as evils.

We must also put the BIG FULL STOP over the FORCED CONVERSIONs taking place silently all over the world in the name of marriages, religions and in the name of god.

This is time for us to stand up for the disadvantaged people around the world who are facing forced conversions.

Even in the democratic countries, there are things happening unnoticed including in USA, in UK and in Japan and all over the world.

I would say any religious doctrines which justify killing other people in the name of religions must be terminated preaching or teaching in the world.

From now on let’s voice out LOUD & CLEAR to the world that any (religious) doctrines that encourage violence must be rejected.

Let’s start the motion all over the world to put the full stop on teaching future generations that any religions proclaiming there is no other god but me (my god) doctrine.

May peace be upon everyone.

May love prevail.

Thanks.

With metta,

Myo Thein

(A Burmese activist)


New Mandala

November 3rd, 2011 by Sai Latt, Guest Contributor


[ Image Source: Boon Myo Myo]
Burma has a new non-headline-making, yet popular, political event. The BBC Burmese Service has come under intense pressure from ethnic Arakan regarding Anna Jones’ article “Bleak outlook for Burma’s ethnic groups“. The article, which appeared in November 2010 in the Asia Pacific Section, included a map of Burma in which Arakan state was identified with a photo of ethnic Rohingya children. The article also referred to Muslim Rohingya as an ethnic group of Burma as opposed to Buddhist Arakan’s assumption of them as illegal aliens from Bangladesh.

Jones’ article, after a year of its publication, has outraged ethnic Arakans. Hundreds of people, including monks and women, have turned to BBC Burmese Section’s Facebook page to pressure the Section with harsh, nationalistic and even openly racist language. Their demands include a public apology from BBC headquarters, Burmese Section and Anna Jones; removal of the Rohingya photo from the map; and removal of Jones’ article altogether. They also urge the people of Burma to boycott BBC if it fails to apologize.
There are two intriguing points in this protest. First, although Arakan ethnic members very often talk against majority ethnic Burmans (or Bamar) for what they call the “colonization of Arakan”,  “Burmanization” and Burmese chauvinism, they now mobilize the entire Burmese population against Rohingyas to “protect Burma and its ‘national races’”. Both Arakan and non-Arakan ethnic members have joined the campaign, calling Rohingyas illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

The newly popular Facebook user, Cho Tu Zal, a writer and director who was at the forefront of the recent anti-Myintson dam campaign is a leading anti-BBC protestor. He wrote on his Facebook that BBC must take responsibility and apologize for this fault. If not, he is prepared to boycott BBC whether or not other people do so and that he would urge his families and colleagues, Aung San Suu Kyi and other leaders to get the BBC apologize.

The anxiety is so strong that the map and the article are taken to be giving away the country, its religion and nations to Rohingya. What is most noticeable in this campaign is not simply their rejection of Rohingya as an ethnic group of Burma, but their strong, public comments with a genocidal tendency. The following quotes written in Burmese illustrate the nature of the campaign.

Kick out all Muslim Kalar [Rohingyas, South Asians/Indians] from Burma. If this doesn’t work, then kill them to death. It’s time for Arakan to unite with each other.

Don’t assume that I won’t sharpen my knife. I am ready to make it sharp for the sake of protecting our nation, religion and races against those Bengali cheaters.
There is no Kalar in Burmese national races. These bastards run into Burma during good time and also in time of starvation. Beggers, they should be kicked out but do not deserve national identity card [citizenship].

Why does BBC create problem like this? I cannot imagine why. Real Burman like myself cannot feel [accept] it. I feel like my [ethnic] relatives and siblings have been given away into the hands of Kalar. Whichever history we look at, Rohingyas are not among our ethnic siblings.

F@#$-ing Kalar, we will slap your face with shoes and cut your heads. Don’t criticize the god with little of what you know. We will set you on fire to death and turn the mosques into wholesales/retail pork markets…

The main messages of the campaign, therefore, are that there is no Rohingya in the Burmese history; the name Rohingya was “invented” as if it should have existed in time immemorial to be valid; Rohingyas are culturally and religiously different illegal immigrants from Bangladesh who are cheating the history to claim the land of Arakan; and Rohingyas (or Bangali-Muslim-Kalars) are threatening to take over Burma. The intense campaign against Rohingyas shows that minority people supposedly the victims of oppression are willing to enact oppression on another oppressed group.

Second, while people of Burma (if not the entire population) are likely to oppose to the Burmese government on every ground, anti-Rohingya campaigners conveniently accept the junta’s classification of eight major ethnic groups (Kachin, Kayah/Karenni, Karen, Chin, Mon, Burman, Arakan and Shan) and 135 sub-ethnic groups. This is one major basis of denial that Rohingya is an ethnic group of Burma. More than that, the campaigners utilizes state-sponsored songs used as propaganda against foreign intervention. Protestors also utilize the government’s not-clever media campaign:

VOA, BBC – sowing hatred among the people
RFA, DVB – generating public outrage
Do not allow ourselves to be swayed by killer broadcasters designed to cause troubles

The above ‘killer broadcasters’ slogan has already been abandoned by state television and newspapers since August this year, but has now been picked up by anti-Rohingya protesters. This illustrates that the government can mobilize support if it plays the Rohingya card. As such, it is doubtful if the current round of anti-Rohingya campaign serves to divert public attention away from Burma’s Chinese dilemma (Myintson dam, growing Chinese population and influence across the country and antagonism against them) and post-election conflicts with the Kachin, Shan and Karen armies.

BBC Burmese Service responded that the map was not intended to illustrate all ethnic groups but only a few of those that are significant. BBC has also changed the map by adding a photo of Arakan ethnic women. These updates do not satisfy the campaigners as they want a complete removal of the Rohingya photo from the map and a public apology. As the days go by without apology, the protesters also turn against other news agencies – Democratic Voice of Burma, Radio Free Asia, the Irrawaddy, Mizzima and Voice of America – accusing them of failing to protect the nation, religion and ‘national races’.

Prior to this protest there are three incidents in October this year related to Rohingya issues.  First, U Tin Oo, vice-Chairman of National League for Democracy, said in a weekly interview program with Radio Free Asia (Burmese Section) on his experience as an army commander under Ne Win’s government that Rohingyas are immigrants from Bangladesh and that he helped protect ethnic Arakans from Rohingya threats. Second, Maung Maung Than, Director General of Immigration and National Registration told BBC Burmese in regard to the repatriation of nearly 30,000 Rohingya refugees from Bangladesh that Burma has no ethnic group called Rohingya. In early October, Arakan political groups organized events denouncing the Rohingyas’ use of the name “Arakan”. These events have renewed an intense campaign against ethnic Rohingya.

No political organization or politician, except ex-student leader Moe Tee Zun, has so far picked up the issue. Moe Tee Zun, referring to the stance of Democratic Alliance for Burma (DAB), wrote that Rohingya is not an ethnic group of Burma. He proposes that equal citizenship rights for Roingyas should be guaranteed.

The only openly pro-Rohingya rights has been activist-academic Maung Zarni, a fellow at the London School of Economic, who calls anti-Rohingya campaign “neo-fascist, racist…un-Buddhist, un-Christian and disgusting”.

Recently, online blogs and social networking sites have appeared, openly advocating against ethnic Rohingya. Examples are Anti Rohingya blog and Anti Rohingya Facebook. One of the main patrons of Anti Rohingya movement has been Dr. Aye Chan from Kanda University of International Studies in Japan. He co-authored a publication entitled “Influx Viruses: The Illegal Muslims In Arakan” in which Rohingyas are referred to as “Influx Viruses”.


[Image Source: Burma Bondhead]

[Image Source: Nyi Chay.  “There is never Rohingya in Burmese history.”]

[Image Source: http://www.rakhapura.com/ “True Story – Fake Arakans: Passing the Bay of Bengal, Climbing Mountain Trying to Swallow Entire Burma.”]


DVB
By FRANCIS WADE
Published: 9 November 2011 BBC report stirs anti-Rohingya sentiment thumbnail

Amended map first published on BBC on 6 November 2010 (BBC)
A BBC report from last November that carried a map depicting Arakan state as populated by the ethnic Rohingya minority has caused anger in Burma, and once again brought to the fore accusations of entrenched racism within Burmese society.
Although published a year ago, and since corrected, the BBC report has circulated rapaciously on the internet in recent weeks, and has become the subject of a number of blog posts either criticising the BBC for implying the Rohingya are part of the Burmese population, or lamenting the vitriolic responses its report has attracted.

The map in question demarcates areas of Burma as belonging to specific ethnic groups, albeit somewhat erroneously: the Shan, for instance, are said to inhabit only a third of modern-day Shan state, and the Karen are shown as the main ethnic group in Irrawaddy division.

But it was the identification of Arakan state as the home of the Rohingya, a Muslim minority group that has been the subject of a perennial and fiery dispute over its origins, that has sparked outrage.

Following the publication, the BBC’s Burmese Facebook page was hit with hundreds of complaints, some from monks, calling on the organisation to issue a public apology and even remove any reference to Rohingya from the map. Failing to apologise should result in a boycott of the BBC, some even argued. The BBC has since amended the map to include ‘Rakhine’, the name given by the government to Arakanese, as also populating the state, but anger continues to boil.

Many Burmese believe the Rohingya to be of Bengali origin that over centuries have migrated to westernBurma, a sentiment shared by the Burmese government which denies them citizenship and which for decades has meted out hefty treatment against the group, forcing hundreds of thousands to flee the country.

Rohingya support groups say however that there is evidence that Islam existed inBurmaprior to the now-dominant Theravada Buddhism, and that the Rohingya’s roots in Arakan state go back centuries.

Rumours circulated in Rangoontoday that a protest would be held outside the British embassy over the BBC report, although except for a number of local and foreign journalists, little appeared to happen. Jeremy Hodges, deputy head of mission at the embassy, told DVB that he had made himself available to accept any petition that may have been circulated among protestors, but that nothing was in sight.

“We know there is a perception among some Arakanese groups that Rohingya are singled out for preferential treatment by groups like the International Organisation for Migration, and that money is given to them at the expense of other Arakanese, but we feel this is a misconception,” he said.

Unlike many Arakanese, Rohingya are prevented from travelling freely outside of specially-designated zones, and are often subject to racial and religious persecution. Up to 400,000 are living as refugees in neighbouring Bangladesh, having fled decades of maltreatment at the hands of the military and local civilians.

An article last week on the New Mandala blog, run by academics from the Australia National University, said the cries of protest were somewhat hypocritical.

“…although Arakan ethnic members very often talk against majority ethnic Burmans (or Bamar) for what they call the ‘colonization of Arakan’,  ‘Burmanization’ and Burmese chauvinism, they now mobilize the entire Burmese population against Rohingyas to ‘protect Burma and its ‘national races’’.”

Among critics of the Rohingya are high-profile Burmese, including Berlin-based historian Khin Maung Saw, whose paper, “Islamization of Burma Through Chittagonian Bengalis as ‘Rohingya Refugees’”, triggered angry responses.

Widespread anger was also vented at current Burmese ambassador to the UN, Ye Myint Aung. During his tenure as Consul-General to Hong Kong, he wrote in a letter to other heads of mission, and copying in international newspapers, that Burma’s ethnic Rohingya were “ugly as ogres”.


(Colombo Lankapuvath June 18) Thailand security authorities have arrested three Rohingya men allegedly involved in passport forgery and human and weapons trafficking.

It is also reported that the three men had links with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka and are alleged on having links with the al-Qaeda terrorists as well.

The arrest of Mohammad Ali Hussein, Mohammad Mudbahem and Chubri Awae followed a joint operation between the Department of Special Investigation, armed forces and immigration police.

Mr Mohammad Ali was arrested on Monday (15), Mr Mohammad Mudbahem, was nabbed in Songkhla’s Hat Yai district on the same day. The date and place where Mr Chubri was caught remained unclear reported the Bangkok Post yesterday (17).


Mr Mohammad Ali was alleged to be the leader of a transnational gang trafficking illegal migrant workers to a third country through Thailand and forging and supplying fake passports, DSI chief Pol Col Thawee Sodsong said.

Mr. Mohammad Ali was released from jail in Malaysia in April after serving two years. He was convicted of posing a national security threat.

Mr Mohammad Mudbahem was said to have succeeded him as the most influential transnational criminal in the South. The gang was involved with war weapons and the drugs trade in the southern region.

The large criminal syndicate is still moving in certain areas in Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat, “Pol Col Thawee said.”Some evidence tracked from mobile phones also shows the group is linked to the southern violence.”

The three suspects will be charged with brokering human trafficking to a third country, forging and selling fake passports, and assisting illegal migrants to enter Thailand in order to pass to another country.
……
Sources: Here


Phuket Wan

By Chutima Sidasathian and Alan Morison
Wednesday, June 17, 2009
A PHUKET man has been arrested and charged with faking IDs for Burmese workers in what appears to be a timely crackdown on people-smuggling and illegals in Thailand.

In a separate case, three Rohingya have been arrested and accused of involvement with the September 11 2001 terrorist attack on the US, and arms deals with rebels in Sri Lanka.

The Thai Army has always claimed that one of the reason for their sponsorship of the deathly ”pushbacks” of boat people arriving on the Andaman coast was based on security concerns about the Rohingya.

But Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva said today there was no allegation that the arrested Rohingya were connected to unrest in Thailand’s Deep South.

News of the two sets of otherwise unrelated arrests comes with the release by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in Washington of a 300-plus page report on human trafficking.

Mrs Clinton is due to visit Thailand and Phuket next month for the Asia Regional Forum, at which people smuggling, especially along the coasts of Burma, Thailand and Malaysia, is likely to be an issue.

On Monday on Phuket, Immigration officers raided the home of a Phuket man near Chalong circle and confiscated a computer and a scanner they said he was using to fake IDs for illegal Burmese workers.

An Immigration officer told Phuketwan that the copied IDs were being sold for 6000 baht each.

The man, named as Weerayut Kaprasit, has since been granted bail of 80,000 baht and will appear in court to answer the charge at a date to be fixed.

In another people-smuggling development, three Rohingya identified as Mahammad Ali Hussien, Babuji or Mahammad Madbahem, and Chubri Awae are being held after a joint operation by the Department of Special Investigation, armed forces and Immigration police.

Police Colonel Tawee Sodsong, the DSI director-general, said Hussein was based in the southern border city of Haad Yai before moving to Bangkok.

He was arrested on Monday at his Thai wife’s house in Chaiyaphum’s Kaset Sombun district after sneaking into the country early this month.

Colonel Thawee also said that based on evidence gathered from their mobile phones, the three were also believed to be involved in weapons smuggling and drug trafficking in the restive south.

Hussien may have even provided counterfeit documents for members of the Al-qaeda group to conduct the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US, he said.

Hussien fled into Malaysia where he was arrested and jailed for two years on charges of being detrimental to security.

After release, he came to Thailand and established contacts with weapon and drug traders as well as insurgents in the South, Colonel Tawee said.

He acted as a weapons broker whose clients included the Tamil Tigers and human traffickers, and allegedly supplied fake passports.

In January, the Thai army was accused of sponsoring the push-backs of Rohingya boat people from the Andaman coast into the sea, with little food or water. Hundreds died as a result of that policy.

Most of the Rohingya came by boat to Ranong, Phang Nga or Phuket, hoping for work in the fishing industry and plantations in Thailand or factories in Malaysia.

Thousands of Burmese workers, both legal and illegal, underpin Phuket’s economy by performing tasks at low cost that Thais prefer not to do, especially in construction.


Bangladesh – Celebrations and bombs by Bertil Lintner

More than 3 million Muslim devotees from 52 countries gathered along the banks of the Turag river, 30 kilometers north of Dhaka in Bangladesh at Tongi, Gazipur, for the three-day annual Biswa Ijtema (World Congregation) between December 14 and 16. The significance of the event was underlined by the profile of political leaders who attended: present at the concluding prayers were Bangladesh President Iajuddin Ahmed; the Prime Minister, Begum Khaleda Zia; the leader of the opposition in parliament, Sheikh Hasina, and other political, civil and military leaders. The Ijtema is organized annually by the Tablighi Jamaat.

The Biswa Ijtema, the second largest congregation of Muslims in the world after the Hajj, ended peacefully despite rumors that some international terrorist groups may have planned to disrupt the event. But the fact that millions of Muslim devotees from across the world gathered in Bangladesh emphasizes the role that the country has come to play in the context of international Islamic brotherhood. Although the government in Dhaka has reacted fiercely to any suggestion that the country is becoming a haven for Islamic extremists, reports from Asian and Western intelligence services suggest otherwise.

Shortly after the fall of Kandahar in late 2001, several hundred Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters escaped by ship from Karachi to Chittagong. They were then trucked down to hidden camps in the Ukhia area, south of Cox’s Bazaar. Local people report seeing heavily armed men, with a few Bangladeshis among them, in those camps. They were told that they would be killed if anyone told “outsiders” about this regrouping of ex-Afghanistan fighters in this remote corner of southeastern Bangladesh.

According to other reports from Asian security services, militants from the Jemaah Islamiah – which is connected to al-Qaeda and wants to set up a gigantic Islamic state encompassing Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and southern Philippines – are also hiding out in these camps, which were set up in the early 1990s to train rebels from the Muslim Rohingya minority in Myanmar’s Rakhine State. In more recent years, these camps have in effect been run by Bangladesh’s most extreme Islamic outfit, the Harkat-ul-Jihad-i-Islami (HuJI), which was set up in 1992, reportedly with financial support from Osama bin Laden.

The Jemaah Islamiah is suspected of being behind a number of planned – but foiled – attacks against Western targets in Singapore, as well as the devastating bomb blast on the Indonesian island of Bali on October 12, in which nearly 200 people were killed, most of them Western tourists.

The Jemaah Islamiah militants in hiding in southeastern Bangladesh are believed to be mostly Malaysian and Singaporean citizens. It is, however, uncertain to what extent the Bangladeshi security services have been involved in their relocation. But well-placed local sources say that it would have been impossible without at least some tacit agreement with the Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI), Bangladesh’s chief intelligence agency, which is closely connected with Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).

Security concerns heightened over the holding of the Biswa Ijtema in Tongi only a week after at least 18 persons were killed and 300 injured in bomb blasts in four cinema halls in the central Bangladeshi town of Mymensingh on December 7. Without being specific, Prime Minister Khaleda Zia described these as a “planned terrorist attack”, while opposition leader Sheikh Hasina of the Awami League claimed that an “identified fanatic terrorist group within [the ruling] alliance is behind these heinous bomb blasts”. The international news agency Reuters first reported that Home Minister Altaf Hossain Chowdhury had said that bin Laden’s al-Qaeda network was behind the blast, but later had to retract the report after denials from the minister.

Subsequently, the police raided the local office of Reuters in Dhaka. Dozens of opposition activists were also arrested, but no link to them could be established. The raid on Reuters and the arrest of opposition politicians came only days after a British TV team and their local helpers had been arrested for trying to document the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in Bangladesh and its possible consequences on the country’s non-Muslim minorities.

Many foreign observers may contend that the Bangladeshi authorities are simply overreacting to international press coverage, but it could also be that the DGFI has too much to hide, and therefore wants to silence any reports suggesting that their country has become a hot-bed of Islamic fundamentalism.

The four-party alliance that won the Bangladeshi elections in October 2001 includes the fundamentalist Jamaat-e-Islami, which has two ministers in the present government. Its youth organization, the Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS), was behind Bangladesh’s most devastating bomb blast before the cinemas in Mymensingh were hit – an explosion on June 15, 2001, at the Awami League office in Narayanganj, in which 21 persons were killed and over 100 others injured. The same government-connected outfit is also suspected of being behind several other bomb blasts as well as attacks on secular Bangladeshi politicians, journalists and writers.

The ICS is closely connected with the most militant of the Rohingya organizations along the Myanmar-Bangladesh border, the Rohingya Solidarity Organization (RSO), which also has links to the al-Qaeda. Video footage released by the American cable television network CNN in August this year and obtained from al-Qaeda shows Rohingyas as well as Bangladeshis training in camps near the country’s southeastern border, but well inside Bangladesh.

Al-Qaeda’s involvement in Bangladesh was confirmed in September this year when the police in Dhaka arrested seven “aid workers” working for the Saudi-based Al Haramain Islamic Institute. The men, who came from Libya, Algeria, Sudan and Yemen, belonged to an organization that had first come to Bangladesh to help Rohingya refugees, but later became involved in running Islamic centers all over the country. The so-called institute has been named by several sources as a front for al-Qaeda. Perhaps not surprisingly, nothing came out of the arrests and the whole affair was quickly hushed up by the Bangladeshi authorities, suggesting that the “arrests” were a mistake by some local police officer.

The United States has so far accepted the Bangladeshi government’s assurances that the country is not playing host to international terrorist movements, and that it is a reliable partner in the global war on terror. But this ostrich-like mentality may change as more evidence to the contrary comes to light. The arrests of foreign journalists and the raid on Reuters in Dhaka are worrying signs of increasing intolerance in Bangladesh. And the hosting of the Biswa Ijtema is bound to attract the attention of “friendly” Islamic organizations, which see the country as a perfect place to hide out when international attention is focused on events in more high-profile countries such as Pakistan and Indonesia.

Bertil Lintner, senior writer, Far Eastern Economic Review.

Published with permission from the South Asia Intelligence Review of the South Asia Terrorism Portal.
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Source: Asia Times